1.         Leaf, C., Who Switched Off My Brain? Controlling toxic thoughts and emotions. 2nd ed. 2009, Inprov, Ltd, Southlake, TX, USA:

2.         Leaf, C.M., Switch On Your Brain : The Key to Peak Happiness, Thinking, and Health. 2013, Baker Books, Grand Rapids, Michigan:

3.         Oxford Dictionary of English - 3rd Edition, 2010, Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK.

4.         Sukel, K. The Synapse - A Primer. 2013  [cited 2013, 28/06/2013]; Available from:

5.         Hall, J.E. and Guyton, A.C., Guyton and Hall textbook of medical physiology. 12th ed. 2011, Saunders/Elsevier, Philadelphia, Pa.:

6.         Stuss, D.T. and Knight, R.T., Principles of frontal lobe function. 2nd ed. 2013, Oxford University Press, Oxford ; New York:

7.         Meehan, T.P. and Bressler, S.L., Neurocognitive networks: findings, models, and theory. Neurosci Biobehav Rev, 2012. 36(10): 2232-47 doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2012.08.002

8.         Dixon, T., "Emotion": The History of a Keyword in Crisis. Emot Rev, 2012. 4(4): 338-44 doi: 10.1177/1754073912445814

9.         Tamietto, M. and de Gelder, B., Neural bases of the non-conscious perception of emotional signals. Nat Rev Neurosci, 2010. 11(10): 697-709 doi: 10.1038/nrn2889

10.       Caspi, A., et al., Genetic sensitivity to the environment: the case of the serotonin transporter gene and its implications for studying complex diseases and traits. Am J Psychiatry, 2010. 167(5): 509-27 doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2010.09101452

11.       Felten, A., et al., Genetically determined dopamine availability predicts disposition for depression. Brain Behav, 2011. 1(2): 109-18 doi: 10.1002/brb3.20

12.       Squire, L.R. and Wixted, J.T., The cognitive neuroscience of human memory since H.M. Annu Rev Neurosci, 2011. 34: 259-88 doi: 10.1146/annurev-neuro-061010-113720

13.       Repovs, G. and Baddeley, A., The multi-component model of working memory: explorations in experimental cognitive psychology. Neuroscience, 2006. 139(1): 5-21 doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2005.12.061

14.       Byrne, J.H. Learning and Memory (Section 4, Chapter 7). Neuroscience Online - an electronic textbook for the neurosciences 2013  [cited 2014, Jan 3]; Available from:

15.       Bonn, G.B., Re-conceptualizing free will for the 21st century: acting independently with a limited role for consciousness. Front Psychol, 2013. 4: 920 doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00920

16.       Schacter, D.L., et al., The future of memory: remembering, imagining, and the brain. Neuron, 2012. 76(4): 677-94 doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2012.11.001

17.       Baars, B.J., A cognitive theory of consciousness. 1988, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge England ; New York:

18.       Baars, B.J. and Franklin, S., How conscious experience and working memory interact. Trends Cogn Sci, 2003. 7(4): 166-72 ;

19.       Franklin, S., et al., Conceptual Commitments of the LIDA Model of Cognition. Journal of Artificial General Intelligence, 2013. 4(2): 1-22 

20.       Baars, B.J., Global workspace theory of consciousness: toward a cognitive neuroscience of human experience. Progress in brain research, 2005. 150: 45-53 

21.      Bor, D. and Seth, A.K., Consciousness and the prefrontal parietal network: insights from attention, working memory, and chunking. Front Psychol, 2012. 3: 63 doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00063

22.       de Wit, S., et al., Reliance on habits at the expense of goal-directed control following dopamine precursor depletion. Psychopharmacology (Berl), 2012. 219(2): 621-31 doi: 10.1007/s00213-011-2563-2

23.       Shackman, A.J., et al., The integration of negative affect, pain and cognitive control in the cingulate cortex. Nat Rev Neurosci, 2011. 12(3): 154-67 doi: 10.1038/nrn2994

24.       Lutterveld, R.v., et al., Network analysis of auditory hallucinations in nonpsychotic individuals, in Auditory verbal hallucinations and the brain, Lutterveld, R.v., (Ed). 2013, University Medical Center Utrecht: The Netherlands. p. 117-37.

25.       Baird, B., et al., Inspired by distraction: mind wandering facilitates creative incubation. Psychol Sci, 2012. 23(10): 1117-22 doi: 10.1177/0956797612446024

26.       De Sousa, A., Towards an integrative theory of consciousness: part 1 (neurobiological and cognitive models). Mens Sana Monogr, 2013. 11(1): 100-50 doi: 10.4103/0973-1229.109335

27.       De Sousa, A., Towards an integrative theory of consciousness: part 2 (an anthology of various other models). Mens Sana Monogr, 2013. 11(1): 151-209 doi: 10.4103/0973-1229.109341

28.       Fletcher, L. and Carruthers, P., Metacognition and reasoning. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci, 2012. 367(1594): 1366-78 doi: 10.1098/rstb.2011.0413

29.       Jolij, J. and Lamme, V.A., Repression of unconscious information by conscious processing: evidence from affective blindsight induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2005. 102(30): 10747-51 doi: 10.1073/pnas.0500834102

30.       Ohman, A., et al., Emotion drives attention: detecting the snake in the grass. J Exp Psychol Gen, 2001. 130(3): 466-78

31.       Hayes, S.C., et al., Acceptance and commitment therapy and contextual behavioral science: examining the progress of a distinctive model of behavioral and cognitive therapy. Behav Ther, 2013. 44(2): 180-98 doi: 10.1016/j.beth.2009.08.002

32.       Shakespeare, W., Hamlet, Act II, Scene 2.

33.       Harris, R., Embracing Your Demons: an Overview of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. Psychotherapy In Australia, 2006. 12(6): 1-8

34.       Scott, B.M., Levy, M. G., Metacognition: Examining the components of a fuzzy concept. Educational Research eJournal, 2013. 2(2): 120-31 doi: 10.5838/erej.2013.22.04

35.       Hobson, J.A., REM sleep and dreaming: towards a theory of protoconsciousness. Nat Rev Neurosci, 2009. 10(11): 803-13 doi: 10.1038/nrn2716

36.       Haggard, P., Human volition: towards a neuroscience of will. Nat Rev Neurosci, 2008. 9(12): 934-46 doi: 10.1038/nrn2497

37.       Horga, G. and Maia, T.V., Conscious and unconscious processes in cognitive control: a theoretical perspective and a novel empirical approach. Front Hum Neurosci, 2012. 6: 199 doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00199

38.       Libet, B., et al., Time of conscious intention to act in relation to onset of cerebral activity (readiness-potential). The unconscious initiation of a freely voluntary act. Brain, 1983. 106 (Pt 3): 623-42

39.       Soon, C.S., et al., Unconscious determinants of free decisions in the human brain. Nat Neurosci, 2008. 11(5): 543-5 doi: 10.1038/nn.2112

40.       Hao, X., et al., Individual differences in brain structure and resting brain function underlie cognitive styles: evidence from the embedded figures test. PLoS One, 2013. 8(12): e78089 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078089

41.       De Pauw, S.S., et al., How temperament and personality contribute to the maladjustment of children with autism. J Autism Dev Disord, 2011. 41(2): 196-212 doi: 10.1007/s10803-010-1043-6

42.       Henriques, G. (When) Are You Neurotic? Theory of Knowledge: Psychology Today; 2012, 23 Nov 2012  [cited 2013 23 Nov 2012]; Available from:

43.       Vinkhuyzen, A.A., et al., Common SNPs explain some of the variation in the personality dimensions of neuroticism and extraversion. Transl Psychiatry, 2012. 2: e102 doi: 10.1038/tp.2012.27

44.       Chen, C., et al., Contributions of dopamine-related genes and environmental factors to highly sensitive personality: a multi-step neuronal system-level approach. PLoS One, 2011. 6(7): e21636 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0021636

45.       Krueger, R.F., et al., The heritability of personality is not always 50%: gene-environment interactions and correlations between personality and parenting. J Pers, 2008. 76(6): 1485-522 doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2008.00529.x

46.       Johnson, W., et al., Beyond Heritability: Twin Studies in Behavioral Research. Curr Dir Psychol Sci, 2010. 18(4): 217-20 doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8721.2009.01639.x

47.       Watkins, A. Being brilliant every single day - Part 1. 2012  [cited 2 March 2012]; Available from:

48.       Elliott, R., Executive functions and their disorders Imaging in clinical neuroscience. British Medical Bulletin, 2003. 65(1): 49-59 

49.       Marien, H., et al., Unconscious goal activation and the hijacking of the executive function. J Pers Soc Psychol, 2012. 103(3): 399-415 doi: 10.1037/a0028955

50.       Beste, C., et al., Response inhibition subprocesses and dopaminergic pathways: basal ganglia disease effects. Neuropsychologia, 2010. 48(2): 366-73 doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.09.023

51.       Clark, D.A., Cognitive Restructuring, in The Wiley Handbook of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. 2013, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

52.       Butler, A.C., et al., The empirical status of cognitive-behavioral therapy: a review of meta-analyses. Clin Psychol Rev, 2006. 26(1): 17-31 doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2005.07.003

53.       Anderson, I., Depression. The Treatment and Management of Depression in Adults (Update). NICE clinical guideline 90.2009. National Clinical Practice Guideline. Vol. 90. 2010, The British Psychological Society and The Royal College of Psychiatrists, London:

54.       Hunot, V., et al., Psychological therapies for generalised anxiety disorder. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2007(1): CD001848 doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001848.pub4

55.      Williams, A.C., et al., Psychological therapies for the management of chronic pain (excluding headache) in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2012. 11: CD007407 doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007407.pub3

56.       Czeisler, C.A., et al., Sleep Disorders (Chapter 27), in Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, Longo, D.L., et al., (Eds). 2012 Edition  18, McGraw-Hill: New York.

57.       Mathew, S.K. and Pandian, J.D., Newer insights to the neurological diseases among biblical characters of old testament. Ann Indian Acad Neurol, 2010. 13(3): 164-6 doi: 10.4103/0972-2327.70873

58.       Wolff, S., The history of autism. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 2004. 13(4): 201-8 doi: 10.1007/s00787-004-0363-5

59.       WebMD: The history of autism. 2013  [cited 2013, August 14]; Available from:

60.       Buxbaum, J.D. and Baron-Cohen, S., DSM-5: the debate continues. Mol Autism, 2013. 4(1): 11 doi: 10.1186/2040-2392-4-11

61.       Volkmar, F.R. and Reichow, B., Autism in DSM-5: progress and challenges. Mol Autism, 2013. 4(1): 13 doi: 10.1186/2040-2392-4-13

62.       Grzadzinski, R., et al., DSM-5 and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs): an opportunity for identifying ASD subtypes. Mol Autism, 2013. 4(1): 12 doi: 10.1186/2040-2392-4-12

63.       Pierce, K. Exploring the Causes of Autism - The Role of Genetics and The Environment (Keynote Symposium 11). in Asia Pacific Autism Conference. 2013. Adelaide, Australia: APAC 2013.

64.       Courchesne, E., et al., Evidence of brain overgrowth in the first year of life in autism. JAMA, 2003. 290(3): 337-44 doi: 10.1001/jama.290.3.337

65.       Shen, M.D., et al., Early brain enlargement and elevated extra-axial fluid in infants who develop autism spectrum disorder. Brain, 2013. 136(Pt 9): 2825-35 doi: 10.1093/brain/awt166

66.       Won, H., et al., Autism spectrum disorder causes, mechanisms, and treatments: focus on neuronal synapses. Front Mol Neurosci, 2013. 6: 19 doi: 10.3389/fnmol.2013.00019

67.       Courchesne, E., et al., Neuron number and size in prefrontal cortex of children with autism. JAMA, 2011. 306(18): 2001-10 doi: 10.1001/jama.2011.1638

68.       Eyler, L.T., et al., A failure of left temporal cortex to specialize for language is an early emerging and fundamental property of autism. Brain, 2012. 135(Pt 3): 949-60 doi: 10.1093/brain/awr364

69.       Fatemi, S.H., et al., Consensus paper: pathological role of the cerebellum in autism. Cerebellum, 2012. 11(3): 777-807 doi: 10.1007/s12311-012-0355-9

70.       Onore, C., et al., The role of immune dysfunction in the pathophysiology of autism. Brain Behav Immun, 2012. 26(3): 383-92 doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2011.08.007

71.       Schmidt, R.J., et al., Maternal periconceptional folic acid intake and risk of autism spectrum disorders and developmental delay in the CHARGE (CHildhood Autism Risks from Genetics and Environment) case-control study. Am J Clin Nutr, 2012. 96(1): 80-9 doi: 10.3945/ajcn.110.004416

72.       Mbadiwe, T. and Millis, R.M., Epigenetics and Autism. Autism Res Treat, 2013. 2013: 826156 doi: 10.1155/2013/826156

73.       Volk, H.E., et al., Residential proximity to freeways and autism in the CHARGE study. Environ Health Perspect, 2011. 119(6): 873-7 doi: 10.1289/ehp.1002835

74.       Zerbo, O., et al., Is maternal influenza or fever during pregnancy associated with autism or developmental delays? Results from the CHARGE (CHildhood Autism Risks from Genetics and Environment) study. J Autism Dev Disord, 2013. 43(1): 25-33 doi: 10.1007/s10803-012-1540-x

75.       Rai, D., et al., Parental depression, maternal antidepressant use during pregnancy, and risk of autism spectrum disorders: population based case-control study. BMJ, 2013. 346: f2059 doi: 10.1136/bmj.f2059

76.       Christensen, J., et al., Prenatal valproate exposure and risk of autism spectrum disorders and childhood autism. JAMA, 2013. 309(16): 1696-703 doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.2270

77.       Suren, P., et al., Association between maternal use of folic acid supplements and risk of autism spectrum disorders in children. JAMA, 2013. 309(6): 570-7 doi: 10.1001/jama.2012.155925

78.       Lyall, K., et al., Maternal dietary fat intake in association with autism spectrum disorders. Am J Epidemiol, 2013. 178(2): 209-20 doi: 10.1093/aje/kws433

79.       Abrahams, B.S. and Geschwind, D.H., Advances in autism genetics: on the threshold of a new neurobiology. Nature Reviews Genetics, 2008. 9(5): 341-55 

80.       Geschwind, D.H., Genetics of autism spectrum disorders. Trends Cogn Sci, 2011. 15(9): 409-16 doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2011.07.003

81.       Chow, M.L., et al., Age-dependent brain gene expression and copy number anomalies in autism suggest distinct pathological processes at young versus mature ages. PLoS Genet, 2012. 8(3): e1002592 doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1002592

82.       O'Roak, B.J., et al., Sporadic autism exomes reveal a highly interconnected protein network of de novo mutations. Nature, 2012. 485(7397): 246-50 doi: 10.1038/nature10989

83.       Stankiewicz, P. and Lupski, J.R., Structural variation in the human genome and its role in disease. Annu Rev Med, 2010. 61: 437-55 doi: 10.1146/annurev-med-100708-204735

84.       Moon, C., et al., Two-day-olds prefer their native language. Infant behavior and development, 1993. 16(4): 495-500 

85.       Pierce, K., et al., Face processing occurs outside the fusiform `face area' in autism: evidence from functional MRI. Brain, 2001. 124(10): 2059-73 doi: 10.1093/brain/124.10.2059

86.       Schumann, C.M., et al., The amygdala is enlarged in children but not adolescents with autism; the hippocampus is enlarged at all ages. J Neurosci, 2004. 24(28): 6392-401 doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1297-04.2004

87.       Romero-Munguía, M.A.n., Mnesic Imbalance and the Neuroanatomy of Autism Spectrum Disorders, in Autism - A Neurodevelopmental Journey from Genes to Behaviour, Eapen, V., (Ed). 2011 Edition  1st, InTech. p. 425-44.

88.       Bal, E., et al., Emotion recognition in children with autism spectrum disorders: relations to eye gaze and autonomic state. J Autism Dev Disord, 2010. 40(3): 358-70 doi: 10.1007/s10803-009-0884-3

89.       Harms, M.B., et al., Facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: a review of behavioral and neuroimaging studies. Neuropsychol Rev, 2010. 20(3): 290-322 doi: 10.1007/s11065-010-9138-6

90.       Nakamura, K., et al., Brain serotonin and dopamine transporter bindings in adults with high-functioning autism. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 2010. 67(1): 59-68 doi: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2009.137

91.       Austin, E.J., Personality correlates of the broader autism phenotype as assessed by the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ). Personality and Individual Differences, 2005. 38(2): 451-60 

92.       Wakabayashi, A., et al., Are autistic traits an independent personality dimension? A study of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) and the NEO-PI-R. Personality and Individual Differences, 2006. 41: 873-83 

93.       Wing, L., Asperger's syndrome: a clinical account. Psychol Med, 1981. 11(1): 115-29

94.       Quote Investigator. Everybody is a Genius. But If You Judge a Fish by Its Ability to Climb a Tree, It Will Live Its Whole Life Believing that It is Stupid. Quote Investigator - Exploring the origins of quotations; 2013, Apr 6  [cited 2013 Apr 6]; Available from:

95.       Wu, Y.L., et al., Risk factors and primary prevention trials for type 1 diabetes. Int J Biol Sci, 2013. 9(7): 666-79 doi: 10.7150/ijbs.6610

96.       Tuomilehto, J., et al., Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. N Engl J Med, 2001. 344(18): 1343-50 doi: 10.1056/NEJM200105033441801

97.       Beyond Entertainment / Discovery Channel, Battle of the sexes: Round 2 (Season 14, Episode 5), Mythbusters: 2013 Discovery Channel, 44min.

98.       Cognitive behaviour therapy. Better Health Channel 2013 Updated:  19/08/2013 [cited 2013, Dec 17]; Available from:

99.       Ruiz, F.J., Acceptance and Commitment Therapy versus Traditional Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Current Empirical Evidence. International journal of psychology and psychological therapy, 2012. 12(3): 333-58 

100.     Hayes, S.C., et al., Open, aware, and active: contextual approaches as an emerging trend in the behavioral and cognitive therapies. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 2011. 7: 141-68 

101.     Longmore, R.J. and Worrell, M., Do we need to challenge thoughts in cognitive behavior therapy? Clin Psychol Rev, 2007. 27(2): 173-87 doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2006.08.001

102.     Dobson, K.S., et al., Randomized trial of behavioral activation, cognitive therapy, and antidepressant medication in the prevention of relapse and recurrence in major depression. J Consult Clin Psychol, 2008. 76(3): 468-77 doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.76.3.468

103.     Davis, D.M. and Hayes, J.A., What are the benefits of mindfulness? A practice review of psychotherapy-related research. Psychotherapy (Chic), 2011. 48(2): 198-208 doi: 10.1037/a0022062

104.     Schreiner, I. and Malcolm, J.P., The benefits of mindfulness meditation: Changes in emotional states of depression, anxiety, and stress. Behaviour Change, 2008. 25(3): 156 

105.     What Is Stress.  [cited 2013, July]; Available from:

106.     Half a century of stress research: a tribute to Hans Selye by his students and associates. Experientia, 1985. 41(5): 559-78

107.     Selye, H., A syndrome produced by diverse nocuous agents. 1936. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 1998. 10(2): 230-1

108.     Fink, G., Encyclopedia of stress. 1st ed. 2000, Academic Press, San Diego:

109.     Shweder, R.A., America's Latest Export: A Stressed-Out World. The New York Times, New York, 26 January 1997

110.     McEwen, B.S., Protective and damaging effects of stress mediators: central role of the brain. Dialogues Clin Neurosci, 2006. 8(4): 367-81

111.     Hackney, A.C., Stress and the neuroendocrine system: the role of exercise as a stressor and modifier of stress. Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab, 2006. 1(6): 783-92 doi: 10.1586/17446651.1.6.783

112.     Beyond Entertainment / Discovery Channel, The Alaska Special 2 (Season 7, Episode 2), Mythbusters: 2009 Discovery Channel, 44min.

113.     Gravity Hurts (So Good). NASA Science | Science News 2001  [cited July 2013]; Available from:

114.     van Loon, J.J., Hypergravity studies in the Netherlands. J Gravit Physiol, 2001. 8(1): P139-42

115.     McHugh, J., Surviving 7G. Wired, 2003. November(11),

116.     Hortobagyi, T. and Maffiuletti, N.A., Neural adaptations to electrical stimulation strength training. Eur J Appl Physiol, 2011. 111(10): 2439-49 doi: 10.1007/s00421-011-2012-2

117.     Schoenfeld, B.J., The mechanisms of muscle hypertrophy and their application to resistance training. J Strength Cond Res, 2010. 24(10): 2857-72 doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e840f3

118.     Adversity. Demotivators  [cited July 2013]; Available from:

119.     Petrik, D., et al., The neurogenesis hypothesis of affective and anxiety disorders: are we mistaking the scaffolding for the building? Neuropharmacology, 2012. 62(1): 21-34 doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2011.09.003

120.     Wu, G., et al., Understanding resilience. Front Behav Neurosci, 2013. 7: 10 doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2013.00010

121.     Compas, B.E., et al., Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence: problems, progress, and potential in theory and research. Psychol Bull, 2001. 127(1): 87-127

122.     Skinner, E.A. and Zimmer-Gembeck, M.J., The development of coping. Annu Rev Psychol, 2007. 58: 119-44 doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.58.110405.085705

123.     Connor-Smith, J.K. and Flachsbart, C., Relations between personality and coping: a meta-analysis. Journal of personality and social psychology, 2007. 93(6): 1080 

124.     Penley, J.A. and Tomaka, J., Associations among the Big Five, emotional responses, and coping with acute stress. Personality and individual differences, 2002. 32(7): 1215-28 

125.     Bouchard, G., Cognitive appraisals, neuroticism, and openness as correlates of coping strategies: An integrative model of adptation to marital difficulties. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science/Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement, 2003. 35(1): 1 

126.     Forgas, J.P. and East, R., On being happy and gullible: Mood effects on skepticism and the detection of deception. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 2008. 44: 1362-7

127.     Kato, K. and Pedersen, N.L., Personality and coping: A study of twins reared apart and twins reared together. Behavior Genetics, 2005. 35(2): 147-58

128.     Dreher, J.-C., et al., Variation in dopamine genes influences responsivity of the human reward system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2009. 106(2): 617-22 

129.     Ullsperger, M., Genetic association studies of performance monitoring and learning from feedback: the role of dopamine and serotonin. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 2010. 34(5): 649-59 

130.     Russo, S.J., et al., Neurobiology of resilience. Nature neuroscience, 2012. 15(11): 1475-84 

131.     Verma, R., et al., Gender differences in stress response: Role of developmental and biological determinants. Ind Psychiatry J, 2011. 20(1): 4-10 doi: 10.4103/0972-6748.98407

132.     Rosch, P. Emotional balance and health. Science of The Heart: Exploring the Role of the Heart in Human Performance - An Overview of Research Conducted by the Institute of HeartMath 2013  [cited 2013, 16/7/2013]; Available from:

133.     FMRC. Public BEACH data. 2010  [cited 16JUL13]; Available from: <

134.     Cohen, R.A., Yerkes–Dodson Law, in Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology, Kreutzer, J.S., et al., Editors. 2011, Springer Science+Business Media LLC: New York ; London. p. 2737-8.

135.     Chechik, G., et al., Neuronal regulation: A mechanism for synaptic pruning during brain maturation. Neural Comput, 1999. 11(8): 2061-80

136.     Chen, J.R., et al., Gonadal hormones modulate the dendritic spine densities of primary cortical pyramidal neurons in adult female rat. Cereb Cortex, 2009. 19(11): 2719-27 doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhp048

137.     Dumitriu, D., et al., Estrogen and the aging brain: an elixir for the weary cortical network. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 2010. 1204: 104-12 doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2010.05529.x

138.     Kopp, M.S. and Rethelyi, J., Where psychology meets physiology: chronic stress and premature mortality--the Central-Eastern European health paradox. Brain Res Bull, 2004. 62(5): 351-67 doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2003.12.001

139.     Chen, Y., et al., Correlated memory defects and hippocampal dendritic spine loss after acute stress involve corticotropin-releasing hormone signaling. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2010. 107(29): 13123-8 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1003825107

140.     Karatsoreos, I.N. and McEwen, B.S., Psychobiological allostasis: resistance, resilience and vulnerability. Trends Cogn Sci, 2011. 15(12): 576-84 doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2011.10.005

141.     Heine, V.M., et al., Suppressed proliferation and apoptotic changes in the rat dentate gyrus after acute and chronic stress are reversible. Eur J Neurosci, 2004. 19(1): 131-44

142.     Czeh, B., et al., Stress-induced changes in cerebral metabolites, hippocampal volume, and cell proliferation are prevented by antidepressant treatment with tianeptine. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2001. 98(22): 12796-801 doi: 10.1073/pnas.211427898

143.     Jayatissa, M.N., et al., Hippocampal cytogenesis correlates to escitalopram-mediated recovery in a chronic mild stress rat model of depression. Neuropsychopharmacology, 2006. 31(11): 2395-404 doi: 10.1038/sj.npp.1301041

144.     Yap, J.J., et al., Repeated brief social defeat episodes in mice: effects on cell proliferation in the dentate gyrus. Behav Brain Res, 2006. 172(2): 344-50 doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2006.05.027

145.     Lyons, D.M., et al., Stress coping stimulates hippocampal neurogenesis in adult monkeys. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2010. 107(33): 14823-7 doi: 10.1073/pnas.0914568107

146.     Lagace, D.C., et al., Adult hippocampal neurogenesis is functionally important for stress-induced social avoidance. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2010. 107(9): 4436-41 doi: 10.1073/pnas.0910072107

147.     Parihar, V.K., et al., Predictable chronic mild stress improves mood, hippocampal neurogenesis and memory. Mol Psychiatry, 2011. 16(2): 171-83 doi: 10.1038/mp.2009.130

148.     Jayatissa, M.N., et al., A reduced number of hippocampal granule cells does not associate with an anhedonia-like phenotype in a rat chronic mild stress model of depression. Stress, 2010. 13(2): 95-105 doi: 10.3109/10253890902951786

149.     Palazidou, E., The neurobiology of depression. Br Med Bull, 2012. 101: 127-45 doi: 10.1093/bmb/lds004

150.     Karatsoreos, I.N. and McEwen, B.S., Resilience and vulnerability: a neurobiological perspective. F1000Prime Rep, 2013. 5: 13 doi: 10.12703/P5-13

151.     Bradley, R.G., et al., Influence of child abuse on adult depression: moderation by the corticotropin-releasing hormone receptor gene. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 2008. 65(2): 190-200 doi: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2007.26

152.     Hauger, R.L., et al., Role of CRF receptor signaling in stress vulnerability, anxiety, and depression. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 2009. 1179: 120-43 doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.05011.x

153.     Leaf, C.M. About Dr . Leaf. 2013  [cited 2013, 6 October]; Available from:

154.     Eppler, M.J., A comparison between concept maps, mind maps, conceptual diagrams, and visual metaphors as complementary tools for knowledge construction and sharing. Information Visualization, 2006. 5(3): 202-10 

155.     Ahlberg, M., Practical methods and techniques of knowledge representation in particular those related to concept mapping and mind mapping. History, underpinnings, software, and comparison table. Invited discussion paper. Instructional Technology Forum, ITForum, The University of Georgia, 2008

156.     Leaf, C.M., et al., Mind-Mapping approach (MMA): a culture and language" free" technique. The South African journal of communication disorders. Die Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir Kommunikasieafwykings, 1993. 40: 35 

157.     Leaf, C.M., et al., The development of a model for geodesic learning: the geodesic information processing model. The South African journal of communication disorders. Die Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir Kommunikasieafwykings, 1997. 44: 53 

158.     Leaf, C.M., et al., An alternative non-traditional approach to learning: the metacognitive-mapping approach. S Afr J Commun Disord, 1998. 45: 87-102

159.     Sela, L., et al., Spared and impaired olfactory abilities after thalamic lesions. J Neurosci, 2009. 29(39): 12059-69 doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2114-09.2009

160.     Leisman, G., et al., Intentionality and "free-will" from a neurodevelopmental perspective. Front Integr Neurosci, 2012. 6: 36 doi: 10.3389/fnint.2012.00036

161.     Herbert, J.D. and Forman, E.M., The Evolution of Cognitive Behavior Therapy: The Rise of Psychological Acceptance and Mindfulness, in Acceptance and Mindfulness in Cognitive Behavior Therapy. 2011, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p. 1-25.

162.     Cool, L.C. Hidden Toxins In Your Home. Day In Health: Yahoo Health 2013  [cited 2014, Jan 26]; Available from:

163.     Barclay, E. Can A Diet Clean Out Toxins In The Body? The Salt: What's On Your Plate / NPR 2012  [cited 2014, Jan 26]; Available from:

164.     Doom, J.R. and Haeffel, G.J., Teasing apart the effects of cognition, stress, and depression on health. Am J Health Behav, 2013. 37(5): 610-9 doi: 10.5993/AJHB.37.5.4

165.     Segerstrom, S.C. and Miller, G.E., Psychological stress and the human immune system: a meta-analytic study of 30 years of inquiry. Psychol Bull, 2004. 130(4): 601-30 doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.130.4.601

166.     Schilling, T.M., et al., For whom the bell (curve) tolls: Cortisol rapidly affects memory retrieval by an inverted U-shaped dose-response relationship. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2013 doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2013.01.001

167.     Liu, R.T., Stress generation: Future directions and clinical implications. Clinical psychology review, 2013 

168.     Boardman, J.D., et al., Stressful life events and depression among adolescent twin pairs. Biodemography Soc Biol, 2011. 57(1): 53-66

169.     Arroll, B., et al., Antidepressants versus placebo for depression in primary care. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2009(3): CD007954 doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007954

170.     Soomro, G.M., et al., Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) versus placebo for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2008(1): CD001765 doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001765.pub3

171.     Kapczinski, F., et al., Antidepressants for generalized anxiety disorder. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2003(2): CD003592 doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003592

172.     Davis, M., NMDA receptors and fear extinction: implications for cognitive behavioral therapy. Dialogues Clin Neurosci, 2011. 13(4): 463-74

173.     Fumagalli, M. and Priori, A., Functional and clinical neuroanatomy of morality. Brain, 2012. 135(Pt 7): 2006-21 doi: 10.1093/brain/awr334

174.     Ellerton, P. What you think is right may actually be wrong – here’s why. The Conversation; 2014, Jan 16  [cited 2014 Jan 16]; Available from:

175.     Geschwind, D.H., et al., Alien hand syndrome: interhemispheric motor disconnection due to a lesion in the midbody of the corpus callosum. Neurology, 1995. 45(4): 802-8

176.     Wegner, D.M., Precis of the illusion of conscious will. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2004. 27(5): 649-59 

177.     Kurlan, R., Clinical practice. Tourette's Syndrome. N Engl J Med, 2010. 363(24): 2332-8 doi: 10.1056/NEJMcp1007805

178.     Howell, M.J., Parasomnias: an updated review. Neurotherapeutics, 2012. 9(4): 753-75 doi: 10.1007/s13311-012-0143-8

179.     Dash, P.K., et al., Injection of the cAMP-responsive element into the nucleus of Aplysia sensory neurons blocks long-term facilitation. Nature, 1990. 345(6277): 718-21 doi: 10.1038/345718a0

180.     Kandel, E.R., The molecular biology of memory: cAMP, PKA, CRE, CREB-1, CREB-2, and CPEB. Mol Brain, 2012. 5: 14 doi: 10.1186/1756-6606-5-14

181.     Deffinbaugh, R.L. The Garden of Gethsemane (Luke 22:39-46). Luke: The Gospel Of The Gentiles - 2004  [cited 2013, Dec 30]; Available from:

182.     McEwen, B.S., Stressed or stressed out: what is the difference? J Psychiatry Neurosci, 2005. 30(5): 315-8

183.     McEwen, B.S. and Wingfield, J.C., What is in a name? Integrating homeostasis, allostasis and stress. Horm Behav, 2010. 57(2): 105-11 doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2009.09.011

184.     Chrousos, G.P., Stress and disorders of the stress system. Nat Rev Endocrinol, 2009. 5(7): 374-81 doi: 10.1038/nrendo.2009.106

185.     Oswald, M.E. and Grosjean, S., Confirmation Bias, in Cognitive Illusions, Pohl, R.F., (Ed). 2004, Psychology Press: East Sussex, UK. p. 79-96.

186.     Princeton University. Confirmation bias. 2014  [cited 2014, January 10]; Available from:

187.     Crum, A.J., et al., Rethinking stress: the role of mindsets in determining the stress response. J Pers Soc Psychol, 2013. 104(4): 716-33 doi: 10.1037/a0031201

188.     Williams, R.H. What Dan Doesn't Do With Numbers. Monday Morning Memo; 2014, Jan 13  [cited 2014 Jan 13]; Available from:

189.     Yusuf, S., et al., Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet, 2004. 364(9438): 937-52 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(04)17018-9

190.     Rosengren, A., et al., Association of psychosocial risk factors with risk of acute myocardial infarction in 11119 cases and 13648 controls from 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet, 2004. 364(9438): 953-62 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(04)17019-0

191.     Asselbergs, F.W., et al., Large-scale gene-centric meta-analysis across 32 studies identifies multiple lipid loci. Am J Hum Genet, 2012. 91(5): 823-38 doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.08.032

192.     Kring, S.I., et al., Impact of psychological stress on the associations between apolipoprotein E variants and metabolic traits: findings in an American sample of caregivers and controls. Psychosom Med, 2010. 72(5): 427-33 doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181de30ad

193.     Garber, A.K. and Lustig, R.H., Is fast food addictive. Curr Drug Abuse Rev, 2011. 4(3): 146-62 

194.     Murea, M., et al., Genetic and environmental factors associated with type 2 diabetes and diabetic vascular complications. Rev Diabet Stud, 2012. 9(1): 6-22 doi: 10.1900/RDS.2012.9.6

195.     Ali, O., Genetics of type 2 diabetes. World J Diabetes, 2013. 4(4): 114-23 doi: 10.4239/wjd.v4.i4.114

196.     What in tobacco smoke is harmful? American Cancer Society. 2012  [cited 2013, Sept 7]; Available from:

197.     Kuschner, W., et al., Dose-dependent cigarette smoking-related inflammatory responses in healthy adults. European Respiratory Journal, 1996. 9(10): 1989-94 

198.     Ambrose, J.A. and Barua, R.S., The pathophysiology of cigarette smoking and cardiovascular disease: an update. J Am Coll Cardiol, 2004. 43(10): 1731-7 doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2003.12.047

199.     Vink, J.M., et al., Genome-wide association study of smoking initiation and current smoking. Am J Hum Genet, 2009. 84(3): 367-79 doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2009.02.001

200.     Liu, J.Z., et al., Meta-analysis and imputation refines the association of 15q25 with smoking quantity. Nat Genet, 2010. 42(5): 436-40 doi: 10.1038/ng.572

201.     Tobacco and Genetics Consortium, Genome-wide meta-analyses identify multiple loci associated with smoking behavior. Nat Genet, 2010. 42(5): 441-7 doi: 10.1038/ng.571

202.     Berrettini, W.H. and Doyle, G.A., The CHRNA5-A3-B4 gene cluster in nicotine addiction. Mol Psychiatry, 2012. 17(9): 856-66 doi: 10.1038/mp.2011.122

203.     Abboud, F.M., et al., Autonomic neural regulation of the immune system: implications for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Hypertension, 2012. 59(4): 755-62 doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.186833

204.     Kunes, J. and Zicha, J., The interaction of genetic and environmental factors in the etiology of hypertension. Physiol Res, 2009. 58 Suppl 2: S33-41

205.     Schnittker, J., Gene-environment correlations in the stress-depression relationship. J Health Soc Behav, 2010. 51(3): 229-43 doi: 10.1177/0022146510378240

206.     Siegel, R., et al., Cancer statistics, 2013. CA Cancer J Clin, 2013. 63(1): 11-30 doi: 10.3322/caac.21166

207.     Cussenot, O. and Valeri, A., Heterogeneity in genetic susceptibility to prostate cancer. Eur J Intern Med, 2001. 12(1): 11-6

208.     Alberti, C., Hereditary/familial versus sporadic prostate cancer: few indisputable genetic differences and many similar clinicopathological features. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci, 2010. 14(1): 31-41

209.     Nakamura, S., et al., Prognostic value of depression, anxiety, and anger in hospitalized cardiovascular disease patients for predicting adverse cardiac outcomes. Am J Cardiol, 2013. 111(10): 1432-6 doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2013.01.293

210.     Edwards, K.M., et al., Acute stress exposure prior to influenza vaccination enhances antibody response in women. Brain, behavior, and immunity, 2006. 20(2): 159-68 

211.     Edwards, K.M., et al., Meningococcal A vaccination response is enhanced by acute stress in men. Psychosomatic medicine, 2008. 70(2): 147-51 

212.     Miller, A.H., et al., Inflammation and its discontents: the role of cytokines in the pathophysiology of major depression. Biol Psychiatry, 2009. 65(9): 732-41 doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.11.029

213.     Maes, M., et al., Depression and sickness behavior are Janus-faced responses to shared inflammatory pathways. BMC Med, 2012. 10: 66 doi: 10.1186/1741-7015-10-66

214.     Dhabhar, F.S., Enhancing versus suppressive effects of stress on immune function: implications for immunoprotection and immunopathology. Neuroimmunomodulation, 2009. 16(5): 300-17 doi: 10.1159/000216188

215.     Stevens, B., et al., Sucrose for analgesia in newborn infants undergoing painful procedures. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2013. 1: CD001069 doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD001069.pub4

216.     Wurtman, R.J., Non-nutritional uses of nutrients. European journal of pharmacology, 2011. 668: S10-5 

217.     Teff, K.L., et al., The effect of protein or carbohydrate breakfasts on subsequent plasma amino acid levels, satiety and nutrient selection in normal males. Pharmacol Biochem Behav, 1989. 34(4): 829-37

218.     Parker, G.B. and Brotchie, H.L., Chocolate and Mood, in Chocolate and Health, Paoletti, R., et al., (Eds). 2012, Springer: Milan, Italy. p. 147-53.

219.     El-Salhy, M., et al., The role of diet in the pathogenesis and management of irritable bowel syndrome (Review). Int J Mol Med, 2012. 29(5): 723-31 doi: 10.3892/ijmm.2012.926

220.     El-Salhy, M., Irritable bowel syndrome: diagnosis and pathogenesis. World J Gastroenterol, 2012. 18(37): 5151-63 doi: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i37.5151

221.     Simren, M., et al., Intestinal microbiota in functional bowel disorders: a Rome foundation report. Gut, 2013. 62(1): 159-76 doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2012-302167

222.     Konturek, P.C., et al., Stress and the gut: pathophysiology, clinical consequences, diagnostic approach and treatment options. J Physiol Pharmacol, 2011. 62(6): 591-9

223.     Chang, L., The role of stress on physiologic responses and clinical symptoms in irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology, 2011. 140(3): 761-5 doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2011.01.032

224.     Basilisco, G. and Coletta, M., Chronic constipation: A critical review. Digestive and Liver Disease, 2013. 45(11): 886-93 doi:

225.     Basson, M.D. Constipation. eMedicine 2013  [cited 2013, October 19]; Available from: - aw2aab6b2b3.

226.     Guandalini, S. Diarrhea. eMedicine 2013 Updated:  2013 October 14 [cited 2013, October 19]; Available from: - a0218.

227.     "Barry J. Marshall - Biographical". Nobel Media AB  [cited 2013, Oct 18]; Available from:

228.     Marshall, B.J., The pathogenesis of non-ulcer dyspepsia. Med J Aust, 1985. 143(7): 319

229.     Ahmed, N., 23 years of the discovery of Helicobacter pylori: is the debate over? Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob, 2005. 4: 17 doi: 10.1186/1476-0711-4-17

230.     Lu, Y., et al., Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and proton pump inhibitors in correlation with incidence, recurrence and death of peptic ulcer bleeding: an ecological study. BMJ Open, 2013. 3(1) doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002056

231.     Naylor, S.-M. Does Stress Cause Stress Ulcers? The Etiology and Pathophysiology of Stress Ulcers. Clinical Correlations, 2012.

232.     Cohen, S., et al., Psychological stress and disease. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association, 2007. 298(14): 1685-7 

233.     Seaward, B., Managing Stress: Principles and Strategies for Health and Well-Being-BOOK ALONE. 2008, Jones & Bartlett Publishers:

234.     Naidoo, N., et al., Human genetics and genomics a decade after the release of the draft sequence of the human genome. Hum Genomics, 2011. 5(6): 577-622

235.     Lipton, B.H., The biology of belief: Unleashing the power of consciousness, matter and miracles. 2008, Hay House, Inc:

236.     MacLennan, A. and Morrison, R., Tertiary education institutions should not offer pseudoscientific medical courses. Med J Aust, 2012. 196(4): 225-6 

237.     Homola, S., Pseudoscience in the use of manipulation by chiropractors. Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, 2013 

238.     Truran, P., Science, Non-Science and Pseudoscience, in Practical Applications of the Philosophy of Science. 2013, Springer. p. 83-9.

239.     Willett, W.C., Balancing life-style and genomics research for disease prevention. Science, 2002. 296(5568): 695-8 

240.     Fowler, G., Evidence-based practice: Tools and techniques. Systems, settings, people: Workforce development challenges for the alcohol and other drugs field, 2001: 93-107 

241.     World Health Organization, GLOBAL HEALTH ESTIMATES SUMMARY TABLES: DALYs by cause, age and sex, GHE_DALY_Global_2000_2011.xls, Editor 2013, World Health Organization,: Geneva, Switzerland.

242.     Mara, D., et al., Sanitation and health. PLoS Med, 2010. 7(11): e1000363 doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000363

243.     Bartram, J. and Cairncross, S., Hygiene, sanitation, and water: forgotten foundations of health. PLoS Med, 2010. 7(11): e1000367 doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000367

244.     Hunter, P.R., et al., Water supply and health. PLoS Med, 2010. 7(11): e1000361 doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000361

245.     De Cock, K.M., et al., The new global health. Emerg Infect Dis, 2013. 19(8): 1192-7 doi: 10.3201/eid1908.130121

246.     Burgess, M., Immunisation: A public health success. NSW Public Health Bulletin, 2003. 14(1-2): 1-5 

247.     Immunise Australia, Myths and Realities. Responding to arguments against vaccination, A guide for providers. 5th ed. 2013, Commonwealth of Australia, Department of Health and Ageing, Canberra:

248.     Dickinson, J.A., et al., Reduced cervical cancer incidence and mortality in Canada: national data from 1932 to 2006. BMC Public Health, 2012. 12: 992 doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-992

249.     Ronsmans, C., et al., Maternal mortality: who, when, where, and why. Lancet, 2006. 368(9542): 1189-200 doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69380-X

250.     Nickels, S., et al., Evidence of gene-environment interactions between common breast cancer susceptibility loci and established environmental risk factors. PLoS Genet, 2013. 9(3): e1003284 doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003284

251.     Hutter, C.M., et al., Characterization of gene-environment interactions for colorectal cancer susceptibility loci. Cancer Res, 2012. 72(8): 2036-44 doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-11-4067

252.     Hajar, R., The air of history: early medicine to galen (part I). Heart Views, 2012. 13(3): 120-8 doi: 10.4103/1995-705X.102164

253.     Tasca, C., et al., Women and hysteria in the history of mental health. Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health, 2012. 8: 110-9 doi: 10.2174/1745017901208010110

254.     McCraty, R., et al., The Electricity of Touch: Detection and measurement of cardiac energy exchange between people, in Brain and Values: Is a Biological Science of Values Possible, Pribram, K.H., (Ed). 1998, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: Mahwah, NJ. p. 359-79.

255.     Rosch, P. Head-Heart Interactions. Science of The Heart: Exploring the Role of the Heart in Human Performance - An Overview of Research Conducted by the Institute of HeartMath 2013  [cited 2013, October 20]; Available from:

256.     Arnold, C. Gut feelings: the future of psychiatry may be inside your stomach. 2013  [cited 2013, Aug 22]; Available from:

257.     Japundzic-Zigon, N., Vasopressin and oxytocin in control of the cardiovascular system. Curr Neuropharmacol, 2013. 11(2): 218-30 doi: 10.2174/1570159X11311020008

258.     Quintana, D.S., et al., A role for autonomic cardiac control in the effects of oxytocin on social behavior and psychiatric illness. Front Neurosci, 2013. 7: 48 doi: 10.3389/fnins.2013.00048

259.     Fenici, R., et al., Clinical application of magnetocardiography. Expert Rev Mol Diagn, 2005. 5(3): 291-313 doi: 10.1586/14737159.5.3.291

260.     Braithwaite, J.J., Neuromagnetic effects on Anomalous Cognitive Experiences: A Critical Appraisal of the Evidence for Induced Sensed-presence and Haunt-type Experiences. NeuroQuantology, 2010. 8(4) 

261.     Coyne, K. More Than Skin Deep: MRI Research at the MagLab. Magnet Acadamy, National High Magnetic Field Laboratory [Web] 2013  [cited 2013, October 26]; Available from:

262.     Mendez, M.F., The neurobiology of moral behavior: review and neuropsychiatric implications. CNS Spectr, 2009. 14(11): 608-20

263.     Zysset, S., et al., The anterior frontomedian cortex and evaluative judgment: an fMRI study. Neuroimage, 2002. 15(4): 983-91 doi: 10.1006/nimg.2001.1008

264.     Glascher, J., et al., Lesion mapping of cognitive control and value-based decision making in the prefrontal cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2012. 109(36): 14681-6 doi: 10.1073/pnas.1206608109

265.     Nagano-Saito, A., et al., From anticipation to action, the role of dopamine in perceptual decision making: an fMRI-tyrosine depletion study. J Neurophysiol, 2012. 108(2): 501-12 doi: 10.1152/jn.00592.2011

266.     Levin, E.R., et al., Natriuretic peptides. N Engl J Med, 1998. 339(5): 321-8 doi: 10.1056/NEJM199807303390507

267.    Chaney, E. and Shaw, A., Pathophysiology of Fluid Retention in Heart Failure, in Fluid Overload: Diagnosis and Management, Ronco, C., et al., (Eds). 2010, Karger: Basel. p. 46-53.

268.     Wiedemann, K., et al., Anxiolyticlike effects of atrial natriuretic peptide on cholecystokinin tetrapeptide-induced panic attacks: preliminary findings. Arch Gen Psychiatry, 2001. 58(4): 371-7

269.     Strohle, A., et al., Anxiety modulation by the heart? Aerobic exercise and atrial natriuretic peptide. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2006. 31(9): 1127-30 doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2006.08.003

270.     Herrmann-Lingen, C., et al., High plasma levels of N-terminal pro-atrial natriuretic peptide associated with low anxiety in severe heart failure. Psychosomatic medicine, 2003. 65(4): 517-22 

271.     Riegel, B., et al., State of the science: promoting self-care in persons with heart failure: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 2009. 120(12): 1141-63 doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.109.192628

272.     Dupont, C., et al., Epigenetics: definition, mechanisms and clinical perspective. Semin Reprod Med, 2009. 27(5): 351-7 doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1237423

273.     Holliday, R., Epigenetics: a historical overview. Epigenetics, 2006. 1(2): 76-80

274.     Berger, S.L., et al., An operational definition of epigenetics. Genes Dev, 2009. 23(7): 781-3 doi: 10.1101/gad.1787609

275.     Fingerman, I.M., et al., NCBI Epigenomics: what's new for 2013. Nucleic Acids Res, 2013. 41(Database issue): D221-5 doi: 10.1093/nar/gks1171

276.     Lomniczi, A., et al., Epigenetic control of female puberty. Nat Neurosci, 2013. 16(3): 281-9 doi: 10.1038/nn.3319

277.     Bird, A., Perceptions of epigenetics. Nature, 2007. 447(7143): 396-8 doi: 10.1038/nature05913

278.     Barrett, K.E., et al., Chapter 22. Reproductive Development & Function of the Female Reproductive System, in Ganong's Review of Medical Physiology, Barrett, K.E., et al., (Eds). 2012 Edition  24, McGraw-Hill: New York.

279.     Simmons, D., Epigenetic influence and disease. Nature Education, 2008. 1(1) 

280.     Molfese, D.L., Advancing neuroscience through epigenetics: molecular mechanisms of learning and memory. Dev Neuropsychol, 2011. 36(7): 810-27 doi: 10.1080/87565641.2011.606395

281.     Sacktor, T.C., How does PKMzeta maintain long-term memory? Nat Rev Neurosci, 2011. 12(1): 9-15 doi: 10.1038/nrn2949

282.     Graff, J., et al., Epigenetic regulation of gene expression in physiological and pathological brain processes. Physiol Rev, 2011. 91(2): 603-49 doi: 10.1152/physrev.00012.2010

283.     Cloud, J., Why Your DNA Isn't Your Destiny. Time, 2010. 174(25), Time Inc.,

284.     Bailey, A., et al., Autism as a strongly genetic disorder: evidence from a British twin study. Psychol Med, 1995. 25(1): 63-77

285.     Feil, R. and Fraga, M.F., Epigenetics and the environment: emerging patterns and implications. Nat Rev Genet, 2011. 13(2): 97-109 doi: 10.1038/nrg3142

286.     Kota, S.K. and Feil, R., Epigenetic transitions in germ cell development and meiosis. Dev Cell, 2010. 19(5): 675-86 doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2010.10.009

287.     Marks, L., What Are the Resolution Limits in Electron Microscopes? Physics, 2013. 6 doi: 10.1103/Physics.6.82

288.     Greene, B. The Elegant Universe: Part 2. [Transcript] 2003  [cited 2013, November 4]; Available from: - elegant-universe-string.

289.     Jones, A.Z. Quantum Physics Overview. Physics 2013  [cited 2013, Nov 10]; Available from:

290.     Glossary of Terms - The Physics of the Universe. 2013  [cited 2013, Nov 11]; Available from:

291.     Rosenblum, B. and Kuttner, F., Quantum enigma : physics encounters consciousness. 2006, Oxford University Press, Oxford ; New York:

292.     Georgiev, D., Mind efforts, quantum Zeno effect and decoherence. NeuroQuantology, 2012. 10(3): 374-88 

293.     Nikolić, H., Quantum mechanics: Myths and facts. Foundations of Physics, 2007. 37(11): 1563-611 

294.     McCraty, R., et al., Modulation of DNA conformation by heart-focused intention. HeartMath Research Center, Institute of HeartMath, Publication, 2003(03-008): 2 

295.     Rein, G. and McCraty, R. Local and nonlocal effects of coherent heart frequencies on conformational changes of DNA. in Proc. Joint USPA/IAPR Psychotronics Conf., Milwaukee, WI. 1993.

296.     US Psychotronics Association - About Us. 2012  [cited 2013, November 15]; Available from: - WHAT_IS_PSYCHOTRONICS_.

297.     Benson, H., et al., Study of the Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer (STEP) in cardiac bypass patients: a multicenter randomized trial of uncertainty and certainty of receiving intercessory prayer. Am Heart J, 2006. 151(4): 934-42 doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2005.05.028

298.     Astin, J.A., et al., The efficacy of "distant healing": a systematic review of randomized trials. Ann Intern Med, 2000. 132(11): 903-10

299.     Jonas, W.B., The middle way: realistic randomized controlled trials for the evaluation of spiritual healing. The Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 2001. 7(1): 5-7

300.        McPartland, J.C., et al., Sensitivity and specificity of proposed DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorderJ Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 2012. 51(4): 368-83 doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2012.01.007